The island of the Knights
The capital and largest of the Dodecanese Island complex. It is located at the southeastern edge of the Aegean Sea, facing the shores of Asia Minor, which are about 9-10 kilometers away.
Rhodes (ro-dos) with its bright green hills, rich green valleys and uninterrupted line of golden beaches, is truly a blessed place. Whether you seek relaxing moments, the buzz of nightlife and beaches, diving in crystal-clear water or a culture-vulture journey through past civilisations, it’s all here. The atmospheric old town of Rhodes is a maze of cobbled streets spiriting you back to the days of the Byzantine Empire and beyond. Further south is the picture-perfect town of Lindos, a weave-world of sugarcube houses spilling down to a turquoise bay.
The population of the island exceeds 110.000 and it covers an area of 1398 square kilometers. It is one of the largest and most beautiful Greek islands. It’s climate is subtropical and healthy. Refreshing westerly winds moderate the summer heat, while the winter is nearly always mild, with long periods of sunshine.
Add the excellent facilities for tourism, the island’s special blend of cosmopolitan and traditional, and numerous cultural and archaeological sites and you’ve got the perfect holiday destination!
Rhodes has been inhabited since the Stone Age. In prehistoric time the island was inhabited by Cretans, who where the first settlers on the island, the Phoenicians and Dorians who must have installed themselves on the island prior to the Trojan War. (1184 BC). After the Trojan war the rapid progress and development of the ancient civilization of Rhodes commences, examples of which can be seen nowadays in the antiquities of the three largest and most powerful cities of the island, Lindos, Ialysos and Kamiros. At the end of 5th century BC these cities united into a single political force and founded Rhodes, which achieved its acme in the 3rd century BC. During that period, famous artists, philosophers and writers lived here. From 2000 BC it became an ally of Rome and was obliged to have the same friends and enemies as the Romans, but from the 1st century BC it began, slowly but surely, to go into decline. It was Diocletian who dealt its final blow into independence in 297 AD when he joined the Provincia insularum of the Roman Empire.
There are numerous car- and motorcycle-rental outlets in Rhodes Town. Shop around and bargain because the competition is fierce. A reliable agency is Marathon Car Rental (+30 22410 70320). Call ahead for an airport pick-up if required.
There are excursion boats to Lindos (return €15) daily in summer, leaving Mandraki Harbour at 9am and returning at 6pm.
Rhodes Town has two island bus terminals, which service one half of the island each:
• From the east side bus terminal (Plateia Rimini) there are buses daily to Faliraki, Lindos, Kolymbia and Gennadi.
• From the west side bus terminal , next to the New Market, there are buses to Kalithea Thermi, two to Ancient Kamiros, Monolithos and Embonas.
One way tickets vary amongs 1.80€ – 4.60€, while unlimited travel tickets are available for one/two/three days (€10/15/25).
Local buses around the city charge a flat €1. They depart from a stand on Mandraki Harbour.
Rhodes Town’s main taxi rank is east of Plateia Rimini.
There are two zones on the island for taxi meters: Zone One is Rhodes Town and Zone Two (slightly higher) is everywhere else. Rates are a little higher between midnight and 6am.
Sample fares: airport €16, Filerimos €15, Petaloudes €25, Ancient Kamiros €32 and Lindos €38 .
Taxi company contact phone numbers: +30 22410 64712, +30 22410 64734 and +30 22410 64778.